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A new test of convergence theory

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Chapter Summary

This chapter argues that Levy's version of modernization theory may yet live on, unrecognized, in some versions of today's more fashionable globalization theory, in the continuing interest in convergence among societies, economies and nations, and in the concept of the "convergence club". It clarifies a widespread misunderstanding about the theory's unit of analysis. To show that modernization theory is not a closed systems approach, the chapter cites two representative statements of Levy's. First, "the members of the relatively modernized societies with their increased facilities for communication, with their increased interest in sources of raw material, in markets, and the like [were interested] in the kind of exploration that would bring them into contact with the members of the relatively non-modernized societies". Second, these contacts with the members of relatively modernized societies "made known to some of the members of relatively non-modernized societies structures previously unknown to them.

Keywords: convergence theory; globalization theory; Levy; modernization theory; non-modernized societies



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