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Hybrid identities in the Diaspora: Second-generation west indians in Brooklyn

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Chapter Summary

This chapter suggests that patterns of ethnic self-identification that the author has observed among West Indian youth are associated with what other scholars have labeled the "Caribbeanization" of New York City. The rest of this essay provides an in-depth discussion of these three ethnic identity types and how students who fall into these categories make sense of having both "West Indian roots" and "American branches". This essay has focused on how this growing concentration of West Indian immigrants has affected the identities of the children of black immigrants from Haiti and the Anglophone Caribbean islands. For example, while this chapter reveals that Haitian identity remains stigmatized among second-generation youth, in the larger study upon which this chapter is based, there is also compelling evidence that this stigma is growing increasingly weaker.

Keywords: American branches; Brooklyn; Caribbeanization; Diaspora; Ethnic Performances; Hybrid Identities; Second Generation West Indians; Social Context; West Indian roots



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