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Slaves And The Downtrodden Religion Of Their Masters

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the relations between early modern Afroiberians and Judeoconversos. It covers relations of mutuality, sharing and collaboration, though such siding together did not always come voluntarily to those Afroiberians who still served as slaves. The chapter considers the ways in which the persecuted religious beliefs and/or practices of Judeoconverso or crypto-Jewish masters shape the nature of relationships with their Afroiberian slaves. The question is not merely about internal matters but how the structure of the intersection of the domestic and external socio-religious environments constructed possibilities for slave-master relations. A growing litany of religious complaints of various kinds led the Lisbon Inquisition to send, between 1591 and 1595, official inquisitional investigators to the Captaincies of Bahia, Pernambuco, Itamaracá and Paraíba in order to ascertain better the actual conditions in the territory. The chapter offers a brief microhistorical study of the Antunes family and their slaves.

Keywords: Antunes family; Bahia; crypto-Jewish masters; early modern Afroiberians; Judeoconversos; Lisbon Inquisition; religious beliefs; slave-master relations



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