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Esperanza Rodriguez: A Mulata Marrana In Mexico City

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Chapter Summary

The mixing of Judeoconversos and Afroiberians was not just cultural. On a more embodied level, in the Inquisition trials, as well as in other sources, one sees various mentions of New Christian men having sex, relationships and children with Black, Mulato or Amerindian women. This chapter devotes to an in depth analysis of the case of Esperanza Rodrigues of Mexico City. According to the inquisitional testimony of many witnesses, the Enriquez family matriarch Blanca comes across as a fervent marrano, knowledgeable about crypto-Jewish practices, possibly even capable in Hebrew. According to Blanca de Rivera, just after Blanca Enriquez passed away (in late 1641), Esperanza Rodriguez told her that Blanca Enriquez's daughter Beatriz Enriquez gave her seventy pesos for her and her daughters to observe fasts in honor of the soul of Blanca Enriquez.

Keywords: Afroiberians; Christian; crypto-Jewish practices; Esperanza Rodrigues; Inquisition; Judeoconversos; marrano; Mexico City



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