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The earliest etruscan toast. Considerations on the earliest phases of Populonia

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Chapter Summary

The physiognomy of Populonia during the Early Iron Age has been, until recently, characterized essentially by its necropoleis. The deposit of cups at Populonia can be considered as a sign of a symbolic action undertaken at a specific moment, which marks the end of the life of the earliest phase of the rectangular structure. The number of the cups, and the recurrence of the form of the cup suggests a collective participation in the event as well as the use of a drink with strong symbolic value, probably wine. It is interesting to notice that wine is a masculine prerogative in Athenian funerary assemblages. Braccesis reference to the joyful toast that was made in an exclusive circle of Mytilene on the island of Lesbos to celebrate the death of a tyrant is attractive. This is the first toast with a definite political connotation from Western literature.

Keywords: Early Iron Age; Etruscan toast; necropoleis; Populonia; wine consumption



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