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Overturning The Robber Synod And Preserving Christ'S Human Nature

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Chapter Summary

Leo's understanding of the humanity of Christ did not evolve simply in the placid sphere of intellectual history, but in the tangled world of political controversy, negotiation, and compromise. At the Synod of Ephesus II, the so-called ?Robber Synod', which Leo named for its violent suppression of orthodox bishops, Dioscorus, the bishop of Alexandria, and his supporters rejected the Tome to Flavian. Rejecting both ecclesiastical principles, Leo challenged the decision of the synod by negotiating directly with the imperial court and with the patriarchal bishops, writing letters not only to them, but to the clergy, the monks, and the papal representatives stationed in Constantinople. The task of delivering the letters fell upon his legates, who were charged with convincing the letters' recipients to subscribe to the christological doctrine and ecclesiastical rulings contained in the pages they carried.

Keywords: Christ; christological doctrine; clergy; Constantinople; Dioscorus; ecclesiastical principles; humanity; Leo; Robber Synod



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