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The Elaboration Of The Roman Primacy

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Chapter Summary

The privileges that Rome claimed were not an attempt to subject the patriarchal sees to Roman domination. In its origins, the idea of the Roman primacy responded to the proliferation of teachings that were thought to fall outside the sphere of orthodoxy. The Roman primacy, and the theory of apostolicity on which it rested, was similarly incapable of being undermined by Anatolius' actions. Leo's argument was based on two related principles: Rome was first among the patriarchal sees because the rock of Peter and his divinely-given justice was its stable foundation. And among cities, Constantinople was glorious because it was the royal seat of imperial power. Taken together this meant that religious and secular institutions were unequal because each had a different and incomparable rationale (?ratio') for its glory.

Keywords: Anatolius' actions; Constantinople; imperial power; Leo; orthodoxy; patriarchal sees; rock of Peter; Roman domination; Roman primacy; theory of apostolicity



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