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From The Achille Lauro To The Present Day: An Assessment Of The International Response To Preventing And Suppressing Terrorism At Sea

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Chapter Summary

Terrorism at sea is a relatively recent but significant phenomenon as maritime history shows: Santa Maria in 1961, Anzoategui in 1963, Achille Lauro in 1985 and the City of Poros in 1988. In the sphere of multilateral agreements, in 2002 the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) amended the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (1974) (SOLAS Convention) creating a new Chapter XI-2 and adopting the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code), among other preventive measures . The US Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) which was started in May 2003 by the United States is another step towards preventing traffic in weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles and any related materials, components and systems.

Keywords: Achille Lauro; International Maritime Organisation (IMO); ISPS Code; SOLAS Convention; terrorism at sea; US Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI); weapons of mass destruction (WMD)



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