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Fárs and Shíráz

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Chapter Summary

Iran has had a long, rich, and complex history—a history comprising many cycles of expansions, invasions, revivals, survivals, and reversals of fortune. From the very beginning, the history of Iran has been inexorably tied to the Province of Fárs. The Iranian-speaking Aryan tribes first came to northern Fárs in the middle Paleolithic period; later the valleys of the Kur and Pulwar Rivers became their centers and remained so until the time of the Sassanid Dynasty in the seventh century AD. Another town on the banks of the Pulwar, called Istakhr in the Middle Ages, was the focal point of the Sassanian Dynasty. Other cities of Fárs, such as Shíráz, Fasá, Siraf, and Arrajan, later outshone Istakhr in terms of size and significance. Coins found in the region as early as 250BC have imprints of Pahlaví scripts with Iranian figures and Zoroastrian braziers.

Keywords: Fárs; Shíráz



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