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Chapter Summary

This front matter section of this book titled The Character of the Syriac Version of Psalms: A Study of Psalms 90-150 in the Peshitta contains foreword to the english edition and abbreviations. The Syriac version of the Old Testament (OT), called the Peshitta (P), is a translation that was carried out about the 2nd century A.D., directly from a Hebrew text. The supposed date of translation makes P an authoritative witness to a pre-Masoretic Hebrew text (a text in the process of stabilization, and not yet vocalized). This circumstance situates the Syriac version in a privileged position in the textual criticism of the biblical text, behind the Septuagint (LXX) and ahead of other versions such as the Targum (Tg) or the Vulgate (Vg).

Keywords: Masoretic Hebrew text; Old Testament (OT); Peshitta (P); Psalms; Septuagint (LXX); Syriac version; Targum (Tg); Vulgate (Vg)



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