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Introduction

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Chapter Summary

The Syriac version of the Old Testament (OT), called the Peshitta (P), is a translation that was carried out about the 2nd century A.D., directly from a Hebrew text. The supposed date of translation makes P an authoritative witness to a pre-Masoretic Hebrew text. This circumstance situates the Syriac version in a privileged position in the textual criticism of the biblical text, behind the Septuagint (LXX) and ahead of other versions such as the Targum (Tg) or the Vulgate (Vg). Contemporary research on P-Ps has been guided since its origin, more than a century ago, by the question of the influence of other versions, especially LXX and Tg, on the Syriac translation. Lund is the first author who uses the Leiden edition of the Syriac Psalter as his basis. He is the first one to have the Dead Sea MSS available, a new and important witness to the Hebrew text.

Keywords: Hebrew text; Old Testament (OT); Peshitta; Septuagint (LXX); Syriac translation; Targum (Tg); textual criticism

10.1163/ej.9789004170568.i-438.6
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