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Lands Under State Cultivation Under The T'Ang

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Chapter Summary

During the T'ang dynasty, very large areas of land in China were held by the government. Lands were set aside specifically to provide incomes for officials, to produce the income necessary for the upkeep of official buildings and to provide for the expenses of the postal system and to give pasture for its horses. The standard allowances of land and labour are worth quoting, for they throw some light on the agricultural practise of T'ang times. While the system of colonies had been growing into a most important means of supporting the frontier garrisons, some further colonies had been developed in central China either purely as a means of raising revenue or as a device to bring new lands into cultivation. For the latter purpose this type of exploitation was ideal, since it could afford to be prodigal with labour to an extent quite uneconomic to the private citizen.

Keywords: central China; cultivation; lands; T'ang dynasty



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