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Skeptical Issues In Commentaries On Aristotle'S Posterior Analytics: John Buridan And Albert Of Saxony

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows that an upswing in skepticism can be seen in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries driven partly due to criticism of the Aristotelian theory of cognition as it was defended by Aquinas. Given that the Aristotelian theory of scientific method is so dependent on a justifiable theory of cognition, it is no surprise that when the cognitive theories of Aristotle and Aquinas were criticized and the con-formation theory of cognition was rejected, skepticism about the whole method soon appeared. It is the object of the chapter to trace out the consequences of this rejection in John Buridans and Albert of Saxonys commentaries on the Posterior Analytics. Before turning to their discussion, however, it seems necessary to say something about the preceding discussions of Posterior Analytics II.19 in medieval philosophy.

Keywords: Albert of Saxony; Aristotelian theory of cognition; John Buridan; medieval philosophy; Posterior Analytics; skeptical issues



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