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The Scriptures of Israel in Colossians 1:9–14: The echo of Isaiah 11:2, 9 In 1:9–10

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Chapter Summary

Two criteria necessary for an echo are: i) availability and ii) word agreement and/or rare concept similarity. Regarding availability, Paul had read and knew the first section of the book of Isaiah. Regarding word agreement, the two texts share an explicit verbal agreement of four words as well as a rare conceptual similarity. The text makes adequate sense apart from any reader awareness of Isa 11, so that the reference should be classified as an echo. Nevertheless, recognition that Isa 11 lies behind Col 1:9-10 deeply enhances our understanding of both the letter and of Paul as a biblical theologian. Paul was convinced that the messiah promised in Scripture had come in the person of Jesus. In his thought, therefore, God had fulfilled the promises of a future messiah as found in Scripture, like Isa 11:1-9.

Keywords: availability; book of Isaiah; Colossians 1:9-14; echo; Jesus; messiah; Paul; rare concept similarity; scripture; word agreement



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