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The Scriptures of Israel IN Colossians 3:1–4: The echo of psalm 110:1 in 3:1

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Chapter Summary

Two criteria necessary for an echo are: 1) availability, and 2) word agreement. Regarding availability, Paul often quoted from the Psalms; according to the count by Silva, he did so at least 24 times. Moreover, Paul definitely alludes to Psalm 110:1 at 1 Cor 15:25 and probably echoes it at Romans 8:34. It is also echoed at Eph 1:20, the sister letter to Colossians. Regarding word agreement, the two texts share three words in common, since the identity of the person behind the possessive pronoun μου at Lxx Psalm 109:1 is God. Psalm 110 is widely classified as a royal psalm, and it does share some affinities with other royal psalms. In terms of structure, Psalm 110 breaks down naturally into two strophes, vv. 1-3 and vv. 4-7. Both strophes are introduced by an oracle of YHWH addressed to a ruler and mediated by a subordinate.

Keywords: 1 Cor 15:25; availability; Colossians; echo; Eph 1:20; Paul; Psalm 109:1; Romans 8:34; word agreement



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