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Looted and trophy marble

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Chapter Summary

One practice indicating the prestige of marble was that of looting it in warfare along with other valuable commodities (silk, precious metals, slaves, and ships? cargoes). Such loot could be used as payment for the troops, who presumably sold it on. For the Middle Ages, and in the almost total dearth of evidence from civic architecture, and palaces, it was mosques and churches that were themselves the trophies, or displayed trophy-like elements. This chapter begins with a brief overview of trophy-looting, and then continues with a study of Pisa?s looting of Islamic materials to beautify her city. Finally it examines how Christians and Muslims dealt with marble in the city which was the greatest trophy of all, namely Jerusalem, conveniently encapsulating warfare, piety, Christian then Muslim triumph?and marble.

Keywords: Christians; civic architecture; Islamic materials; Jerusalem; marble; Middle Ages; Muslims; troops; trophy-looting

10.1163/ej.9789004170834.i-634.36
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