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Ghuwaynah At-Taḥtā (Kh.) (Colloq. Khirbet Ghweineh at-Taḥtā—Lower Ghweineh).

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Chapter Summary

Ghuwaynah at-Taḥtā or Khirbet Ghwein is the ruins of an ancient settlement situated on the southern slopes of the Judean desert plateau some 20 km. south of Hebron, identified with the Biblical ʿAnīm and mentioned in an inscription from the Israelite period found in ʿArad. Ceramic evidence and other archeological finds confirm the existence of an Iron Age settlement in the place. The mosque ceased to function sometime in the Mamlūk period, probably when the Muslim settlement was abandoned under Bedouin pressure. The Arabic inscription found in the excavations that were carried out in the ruins in the late 1990s, confirms the suggestion of Amit and Ilan, for it proves that the Muslims settled in the place soon after the conquest, and eventually drove the Jews out of it.

Keywords: Ghuwaynah at-Taḥtā; Iron Age settlement; Judean desert plateau; Khirbet Ghwein; Mamlūk period; Muslim settlement



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