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The Triennial Cycle

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Chapter Summary

Although the 364-day Year (364DY) creates the framework for cycles of three, six, seven, forty-nine years, etc., the basic year cycle in the 364-day Calendar Tradition (364DCT) is the triennial cycle. This cycle is based on the ten-day gap between the lunar year (354 days) and the schematic 364DY. This scheme allows for the synchronization of the lunar and schematic cycles by the addition of a 30-day month at the end of every third lunar year. 36 schematic months thus equal 37 lunations. This basic insight is implied in some form in Anchor Bible (AB) (74:13?16) and constitutes a fundamental element in the 364DCT until the triennial cycle merges into the six-year mišmarot cycle. This chapter examines, conceptually and textually, the mechanism of a ?cycle of years? as it is reflected in various texts, including the different versions of AB and selected texts from Qumran.

Keywords: 364-day Calendar Tradition (364DCT); Anchor Bible (AB); lunar year; Qumran; triennial cycle



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