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The Astronomical Book And Babylonian

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Chapter Summary

The first assertion of cultural contact between Enochic and Babylonian astronomy was made by Weidner in 1916. His theory was subsequently substantiated by VanderKam and Albani. This chapter surveys the teaching of the early astronomical source Mul.Apin and re-examines its similarities and differences vis-à-vis Anchor Bible (AB). Following the publication of the critical edition of Mul.Apin in 1989, the astronomical teaching contained in this text has received considerable attention in several comprehensive studies. The type of knowledge embodied in Mul.Apin shaped the observational practices of astronomers in the Neo-Assyrian period, during which many of the extant copies of this compendium were written. Mul.Apin and Enūma Anu Enlil (EAE) continued to be copied as late as the Hellenistic period. The teaching of Mul.Apin - or independent theories which resemble it - spread through the entire ancient world, from Greece to India.

Keywords: Anchor Bible (AB); Babylonian astronomy; Enūma Anu Enlil (EAE); Enochic astronomy; Hellenistic period; Mul.Apin; Neo-Assyrian period



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