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Lunar Phases In The Mimarot Scrolls And Late

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Chapter Summary

Three mišmarot scrolls exist which record lunar phases during a sexennial cycle. The lunar data forms an integral part of the mišmarot corpus in general, appearing alongside other typically Jewish elements of the calendrical tradition. Three central concepts appear in the combined evidence provided by these particular scrolls: (a) an unnamed lunar phenomenon, designated ?X? by modern scholars; (b) the number of days that have passed since the previous X; and (c) a lunar phenomenon named dwq2. 4Q320 records items (a) and (b), while 4Q321 and 4Q321a refer to (a) and (c). All three lunar texts connect the lunar phases to the 364-day Year (364DY). Since the 364DY begins at the spring equinox, the lunar texts from Qumran tie the lunar phases to the schematic march of the seasons. Following a general analysis of the pertinent Qumran manuscripts, this chapter investigates the lunar data contained in them in detail.

Keywords: 364-day Year (364DY); calendrical tradition; lunar phases; mišmarot scrolls; Qumran manuscripts; sexennial cycle



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