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Between Babylonia And Jerusalem:

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the traditional Babylonian models of lunar visibility. Constituting an elaboration of the water-clock formula, these models are contained in tablet 14 of Enūma Anu Enlil (EAE) and section l of Mul.Apin. Drawnel?s recent contribution has made it possible to demonstrate how the Aramaic models of lunar visibility contained in 4Q208 and 4Q209 adopted the traditional Babylonian system and modified it to fit their specific needs. The Babylonian exile serves as a naturally conducive setting to cultural transfer, Babylonian knowledge being easily carried back to Jerusalem by the returnees at the time of the Restoration. The presence of Mesopotamian material in early Enochic traditions has been the subject of extensive discussion during the last century and earlier. Numerous scholars have noted the Mesopotamian origin of elements in the Pseudepigrapha and Qumran literature, whether in the field of language, apocalyptic worldview, or science.

Keywords: Aramaic models; Babylonian knowledge; cultural transfer; early Enochic traditions; Jerusalem; lunar visibility; Mesopotamian material; Qumran literature



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