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Summary And Conclusions

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Chapter Summary

The Jewish sources which attest to the 364-day year (364DY) form a quite coherent and continuous tradition. The various Jewish sources which refer to the 364DY are unified by prominent thematic threads, already present to a large extent in 1 Enoch 82. The earliest Jewish document to include an explicit depiction of the 364DY is the Astronomical Book (AB), which was later incorporated into 1 Enoch. While this text parallels the models of traditional Mesopotamian astronomy quite closely, it also exhibits concrete Jewish traits. The astronomical discipline represented in the Dead Sea Scrolls prefers schematic models to observational ones, emphasising the arithmetical dimension of nature as part of its apocalyptic worldview. The texts from Qumran also merit attention for their exemplification of the role of Aramaic as a cultural vehicle in the transmission of Babylonian science.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; 364-day year (364DY); Astronomical Book (AB); Babylonian science; Jewish sources; Qumran; traditional Mesopotamian astronomy



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