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Maresha In The Reign Of Ptolemy II Philadelphus

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Chapter Summary

This chapter concentrates on the eastern necropolis, and will not use evidence from the south-western and northern necropoli. Besides these three Hellenistic necropoli, seven constructed trough burials, presumably Persian in date, were excavated in the 1994 season in Area 940 in the eastern area of Maresha; only one contained a complete skeleton; the remainder appeared to have been emptied in antiquity. The painted tombs published by Peters and Thiersch in 1905 are considered the most important Sidonian-Idumaean burial caves to have been discovered and will be described in the chapter. At the beginning of the third century BCE and especially at the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphus the Greek language had become dominant among the local population, as testified by the names inscribed in the tombs of Marissa and Khirbet Za᾽aquqa.

Keywords: Greek language; Khirbet Za᾽aquqa; Maresha; necropolis; Ptolemy II Philadelphus



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