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Herakleopolis Magna Under Philadelphus

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Chapter Summary

The Greek nome Herakleopolites corresponded approximately to the twentieth Upper Egyptian nome Naret-Khentet, near the border between Upper and Lower Egypt. The topography of this nome based on the Greek and Latin sources has been thoroughly studied by Maria Rosaria Falivene. Her book excludes the sources on the metropolis, but she notes that: Even at the time when the Greeks called it Herakleopolis Magna, this was an important town, deserving a special study which cannot be attempted here". This chapter challenges Wilcken's statement and to study the evidence from the large number of Ptolemaic papyri that have been published during the past ca. 100 years and concern directly this metropolis. It makes a few observations on some Hibeh Papyri dating to the reign of Philadelphus, and discusses the origin of some texts that have not been found in the excavations of the Egypt Exploration Society directed by Grenfell and Hunt.

Keywords: Egypt; Herakleopolis Magna; Naret-Khentet; Philadelphus; Ptolemaic papyri



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