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How Has It Not Occurred To Any Of The Historians Or Poets To Make Mention Of Such Enormous Achievements?

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Chapter Summary

Ptolemy II Philadelphus clearly had a great impact upon Jews in Egypt and Palestine. He is mentioned in the Zenon papyri as well as in Aristobulus and the book of Aristeas. This chapter compares the mentioned authors with the Septuagint version of Proverbs in order to determine the impact of Hellenism on these authors. It explores possible influences on the translators of Plato's Timaeus and its attitudes towards sexuality. The chapter follows Moses Hadas, who argued that 3Maccabees was written later than the Book of Aristeas, perhaps many years after and as a refutation of it, rather than Sterling Tracy, who argued the opposite, namely that the Book of Aristeas was written in response to 3Maccabees. The work of some Alexandrian scholars and the evidence from the Dead Sea scrolls will be examined to determine the possible role of Alexandria in the formation of the biblical historical collection.

Keywords: Alexandria; Aristobulus; biblical collection; book of Aristeas; Dead Sea scrolls; Plato's Timaeus; Proverbs; Ptolemy II Philadelphus; Septuagint version; Zenon papyri



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