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Chapter Summary

This bibliography presents a list of reference articles and books with relevant to the discussion on the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphos has been rightly seen as a period of consolidation of Hellenic rule of Egypt. The capital was definitively shifted from ancient Memphis to new Alexandria. This signified increased contact with Mediterranean and Aegean worlds. The greatest Hellenistic poets and scholars, Kallimakhos, Theokritos and Apollonios of Rhodes, all flourished under Philadelphos. The political and cultural power of Egypt, overtly retained in the first fifty years of Macedonian rule, appears to have disappeared by 282BCE. Ptolemaic military concern with Egyptians only revived in the aftermath of the Egyptian victory of Raphia in 217BCE, and no Lagid learnt to speak Egyptian before Cleopatra VII.

Keywords: Alexandria; Hellenic rule; Kallimakhos; Ptolemy Philadelphos; Theokritos



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