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Chapter Summary

P.M. Fraser did not confine the scope of Ptolemaic Alexandria to Philadelphus' reign, but there, as in Antigonos Gonatas; the same ghost is ubiquitous, detailed attention paid to Library and Museum and their poets and literary scholars. Fraser's Alexandria is the Greek Alexandria of the poets and critics-the Alexandria created by Philadelphus, though Soter laid foundations both literally and metaphorically-the Alexandria which succeeded to Athens' place as the beating heart of the Greek intellectual world. Geoff W. Adams uses relations between Philadelphus and Pyrrhus of Epirus to explore the place of friendship between rulers among the factors which were operative in forming foreign policy. The government of Egypt was Hellenized further under Philadelphus, Martin Bernal argues, but even deeply Hellenic features of Hellenism may have had Egyptian roots: he explores the problem of the origins of the Eleusinian mysteries, on a linguistic basis.

Keywords: Egypt; Hellenism; Martin Bernal; P.M. Fraser; Philadelphus; Ptolemaic Alexandria



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