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Al-Islām And Al-Īmān

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Chapter Summary

Traditionally, the term al-islām stands for the religion of those who are commonly known as Muslims, the followers of Prophet Muḥammad. In this traditional understanding, the term al-īmān has been used to also describe the faith of these Muslims, the adherents of al-islam. However, the assumption of synonymity in Allahs Book has been a fundamental flaw in traditional scholarship. This chapter not only to explores the semantic differences between al-islām and al-īmān but also between terms such as al-kufr, al-shirk, and al-jirām, which were (all) thought to be synonymous terms contrasting with al-islām and al-īmān. It aims to reconnect ethics to religion and to present an interpretation of al-islām in which the moral teachings of the Qurʼan are rediscovered for the benefit of an Arab civil society, which gets its priorities right and places enlightened civility before stupefying ritualism and mindless doctrinism.

Keywords: al-īmān; al-islām; Allah

10.1163/ej.9789004171039.i-588.11
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