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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows how Allah has split up the different parts of the books namely, book of messengerhood and book of prophethood. It explores the two terms al-kitāb and al-qurʼān and establishes how they are related to each other. The study of the two terms al-inzāl and al-tanzīl will lead to a correct understanding of Allahs revelation. The chapter presents objectivity as a state of existence that has its cause outside the human mind. Subjectivity as existence depends on the state of affairs inside the human mind. In traditional theology the two terms al-qadar and al-qaḍāʼ were normally regarded as synonyms, both indiscriminately expressing the notion of predestination, which humans have to accept submissively since Gods predestination of all things on earth is unfathomable.

Keywords: al-inzāl; al-kitāb; al-tanzīl; Allah's revelation; alqurʼān; messengerhood



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