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Essentials And Accidentals In Religion

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the terms accidental and essential. The discussion of religions accidental traits and teachings then begins in earnest: Islams first accidental trait is the Arabic language, which have been replaced by another language. The second accidental is the Arabs culture. The third consists of the terms, concepts, theories and propositions used by the Prophet. The fourth consists of the historical events that entered into the Qurʾan and the Sunna. The questions posed by believers and opponents and the answers to them form the fifth accidental. The sixth embraces the precepts of fiqh and Islamic law. The seventh accidental consists of the fabrications, inventions and distortions introduced into religion by its opponents. The eighth consists of the abilities and understanding of the people addressed by religion. Finally, conclusions are drawn and it is suggested in brief that Islam is a religion by virtue of its essentials, not its accidentals.

Keywords: Arabs culture; Islam; Qurʾan; religions accidental traits; religions essential traits



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