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Spiritual Guardianship And Political Guardianship

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Chapter Summary

The occasion of Ghadir Khumm marked the start of profound and important developments in the world of Islam. It had an acute impact both on the theological theories and the social destiny of Muslims, and it ultimately turned into a factor that forged the greatest and most lasting rift in their ranks. The concept of wilayat (guardianship) is also the most central issue in theoretical mysticism. The word guardianship conveys a sense of unmediated proximity and kinship. Rumi is one of the people who has presented the tale of guardianship in the clearest and most lucid terms, without resorting to technical mystical terminology. Today, in order to prove the necessity and reality of the Hidden Imams existence, one has to turn to theories about spiritual guardianship. The Infallible Imam, assuming that he has been appointed via the Prophet, is an Imam in the sense of exercising discernible, external, political leadership.

Keywords: political guardianship; Prophet; spiritual guardianship; theoretical mysticism



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