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Donations And Donors As Reflected In The Mosaic Pavements Of Transjordans Churches In The Byzantine And Umayyad Periods

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Chapter Summary

Transjordan, which in the Byzantine period comprised Provincia Arabia and neighboring regions, saw the founding of many churches between the fourth and the eighth century. What is particularly striking is that despite Transjordan?s location on desert margin, where the climate was harsh, the geographic conditions difficult, and water in short supply, several churches were built at almost all of the sites. This situation raises a number of questions. What were the circumstances and causes of accelerated building of churches? Who was responsible for their construction and decoration? With the study of archaeological finds, deciphering of the inscriptions, and compositional-iconographic analysis of the mosaic pavements?we can establish the locations of dedicatory inscriptions, identities of the donors and patrons, and the nature and position of their depictions in mosaic pavements. This information may shed light on the nature and motivation of donations in Transjordan?s Christian community during the Byzantine and Umayyad periods.

Keywords: Byzantine period; Christian community; dedicatory inscriptions; donations; donors; mosaic pavements; Transjordan?s churches; Umayyad period

10.1163/ej.9789004171060.i-490.23
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004171060.i-490.23
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