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Notes On The Illustrations Of Ezekiels Temple Vision In The Postilla Litteralis Of Nicholas Of Lyra

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Chapter Summary

Nicholas of Lyra began what was to be his major work, the Postilla Litteralis on entire Bible, in 1322 and completed it in 1331. What more importantly sets Lyra?s work apart from that of his predecessor is its emphasis on the literal understanding, through which Lyra hoped to persuade his audience that the messianic claims of Jesus and the supersession of the Synagogue by the Church were well anchored in the Old Testament. To this should be added the demonstrative value that his work accorded to graphic illustration, aspects of which are the subject of this chapter. Lyra?s interest in the divinely inspired architecture of the Bible and his visual reconstructions thereof concern four separate sites: design of Noah?s Ark, the plan of the Desert Tabernacle, Solomonic Temple, and Ezekiel?s visionary Temple. For Ezekiel?s visionary Temple there was a carefully worked-out precedent in Richard of Saint-Victor?s twelfth-century reconstruction.

Keywords: Desert Tabernacle; Ezekiel?s visionary Temple; graphic illustration; Nicholas of Lyra; Noah?s Ark; Old Testament; Postilla Litteralis; Solomonic Temple; Synagogue



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