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The System Of Figures

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Chapter Summary

This part discusses seven classes of rhetorical figures and their respective subdivisions. It begins with a discussion of phonological figures. Phonemes are normally subdivided into those of a segmental and those of a suprasegmental character. Among the former are consonants and vowels; among the latter, accent, pause and pitch. Morphemes are usually classified as either free or bound morphemes. Syntactic figures are based on the sentence as the underlying linguistic deviational unit. The aesthetics of semantic figures depends upon a deviation of meaning. The part then describes graphemic figures in detail. Constituted by transformations of the deviation or the equivalence beyond the norm of the text grammar, textological figures in their totality comprise the norm of a secondary text grammar. Intertextual figures thematicise relationships between two or more texts. This category of figures was still unknown to the classical tradition of rhetoric, intertextuality being an invention of the twentieth century.

Keywords: graphemic figures; intertextual figures; morphological figures; phonological figures; rhetorical figures; semantic figures; syntactic figures; textological figures

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