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IV - Allied Manpower And Migration

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Chapter Summary

The study of demography consists basically of three components: mortality, fertility, and migration, but only the first two have received much attention in modern studies of the ancient world. This chapter analyses the extent and diversity of mobility and migration among the freeborn population in Italy, limiting itself primarily to the second century BC, although evidence for other periods-ancient and later-is also considered. In particular, the importance of migration for the growth of Rome is assessed. Migration is considered to be: (1) movement outside of one?s community, which results in (2) a shift in subsistence strategy, either between jobs or between farms. The chapter revisits the long-standing issue of the place of the Latins and Italians in the Gracchan reforms. It argues that the Gracchan initiatives dealing with the Latins and allies may indeed be better understood in that particular context, rather than as part of a distinct ?Italian policy?.

Keywords: allied manpower; demography; fertility; Gracchan reforms; migration; mortality; Roman Italy



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