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Learning And Practising: Uses Of An Early Jewish Discourse In Matthew (7:24–27) And Rabbinic Literature

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Chapter Summary

Early Christianity and rabbinic Judaism are the outgrowth of complex socioreligious and political developments in the Jewish world of the first century. Studying Matthew in comparison with rabbinic sources has become standard practice. It is on the level of community documents that a comparison is worthwhile, i.e. between Matthews gospel as written for a specific community on the one hand, and Tractate Avoth and its counterparts, expressing nascent rabbinic Judaism, on the other hand. This chapter focuses on a case where commentaries adduce parallels without discussing the nature of their relationship: the parable of the builder of the house (Matt 7:2427). It first discusses the notion of learning and practising in Matthew and Avoth. Then the modes of interaction as suggested in research are discussed. Finally, it analyses the parable of Matthew and its rabbinic counterparts and evaluates the findings from the point of view of the proposed theories.

Keywords: early Christianity; Jewish world; Matthew 7:2427; rabbinic Judaism; Tractate Avoth



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