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Philip And James: Brothers In Cult

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Chapter Summary

The treatment of Philip and James as a pair in this chapter is determined by their liturgical feast-day. At the same time, they must be studied as individuals as far as both the biblical and the legendary material on these two apostles is concerned. The chapter provides some liturgical documents that offer material that is meant exclusively for one of the two, composed for the celebration of a separate feast-day. The liturgical celebration of Philip and James on one day is a tradition with a Roman background that spread in the medieval West but has no roots in the apocryphal or legendary traditions on both apostles. The earliest documents that mention the feast-day of Philip and James in the West are the lists of apostles and the historiated martyrologies. The liturgical cult of Philip and James in western traditions developed from the early Middle Ages.

Keywords: apostles liturgical cult; James; liturgical feast-day; Middle Ages; Philip; Roman basilica



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