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Matthew: Sinner And Saint

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Chapter Summary

From the 2nd century onwards, the first of the canonical gospels was attributed to the apostle Matthew. In the early Christian tradition, the evangelist was equated with the apostle, and this identification has never changed thereafter. This chapter deals with the liturgical texts composed for the apostles feast-day. It shows that Matthews role as an evangelist became very important to the liturgical veneration of this apostle. The fortunes of Matthews bodily relics in the West give an interesting view on the importance of this apostles cult to various regions of medieval western Europe in different epochs. The Passion of Matthew is remarkable because of its lengthy renditions of Matthews preaching. The apostles teaching concerns the main themes of biblical history and Christian doctrine. In the office liturgy for Matthew, the vision of the four living creatures is particularly dominant in the night office.

Keywords: apostle Matthew; Christian doctrine; evangelist; Passion of Matthew

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