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Simon And Jude: Brothers In Martyrdom

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the development of the apocryphal literature concerned with Simon and Jude. Western and eastern traditions vary greatly not only in the liturgical context concerning Simon and Jude but also with regard to the apocryphal literature about these apostles. The Egyptian tradition is mentioned also in various martyrological sources of the early medieval West and has even found a place in the liturgy of the hours for the feast-day of Simon and Jude. The Latin tradition considers Simon and Jude exclusively as the apostles of Persia, where they shared in preaching, performing miracles, and suffering martyrdom. From the 8th century onwards, the sacramentaries offer material for the feast-day of Simon and Jude. The chapter discusses the masses found in Gaul, Spain, Italy, and early-medieval England. The collection of medieval hymns Analecta Hymnica contains only few texts for the commemoration of Simon and Jude.

Keywords: apostle Jude; apostle Simon; apostles of Persia; early-medieval England; medieval hymns; Spanish mass



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