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Power Structures And Factional Rivalries In The Islamic Republic Of Iran

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the formal and informal power structures in the IRI since the Islamic revolution. It discusses the position of the different factions of the Iranian political elite on economic, socio-cultural, and foreign policy issues. The chapter talks about the political elites control of state institutions as well as their economic resources. It further focuses on the emergence of the different political factions, with their rivalries, alliances, and counter alliances. The three main political factions, the Conservative faction, the Pragmatist faction and the Reformist faction, and their ideas on economic, socio-cultural, and foreign policy issues are the result of a rivalry for power between them that started with the establishment of the IRI in 1979. This rivalry for power can be distinguished into four phases: (1) from 1979 until 1989; (2) from 1989 to 1997; (3) from 1997 to 2005; and (4) since 2005.

Keywords: economic resources; factional rivalries; Iranian political elite; Islamic Republic of Iran; Islamic revolution; political power structure



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