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Apocalypticism In Qumran And The New Testament

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Chapter Summary

Comparative study of apocalypticism in Qumran literature and the New Testament has to take as starting point an idea of features that are common to early Jewish apocalypticism. Comparative study of apocalypticism in emerging Christianity and contemporary Palestinian Judaism can benefit from the expanded textual basis of Qumran evidence and methodological reconsideration of apocalypticism in relation to wisdom and to eschatology. 1 Enoch comprises various features, such as heavenly revelation, focus on final judgement, historical survey of generations, and otherworldly journey, which contributed to the growth of early Jewish apocalyptic tradition. The introduction of periodization in terms of time calculation up to an expected final turning point in history has been identified in the Book of Daniel. This chapter explores the apocalyptic-eschatological dimension to the baptism of John and its relation to Jesus ministry as it is represented in the Gospels.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; apocalypticism; baptism; Book of Daniel; Gospels; New Testament; Palestinian Judaism; periodization; Qumran



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