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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines Targum Jonathan (TJ) to Zephaniah and finds traditions that have been preserved in the diaspora. Yemenite mss are closest to the vanishing Babylonian tradition in text, punctuation and accents and therefore can be considered their natural heirs. TJ is richly available, complete, and more accurate and reliable than any other post-Babylonian tradition. The basic text in this book is the British Museum MS Oriental 2211 from the Hebrew Collection (Ms V), the same ms chosen by Alexander Sperber, in spite of harsh criticism of his monumental edition. Targum Jonathan is attributed to two people: Jonathan ben Uzziel, the most outstanding student of Hillel, who had received it from the mouth of Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, and R. Joseph ben Hiyya, the leader of the Pumbedita Academy.

Keywords: Jonathan ben Uzziel; R. Joseph ben Hiyya; Targum Jonathan (TJ); Zephaniah



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