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From Three Colleges To One

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Chapter Summary

The crises of the fifteenth century drew pope and cardinals closer together: while the cardinals elected the pope, the pope created cardinals. The schism complicated their relationship and weakened the cardinals' stake in the papal imperium. While the Council of Constance produced a single pope-Martin V- from the three of the schism, it did not extend the same resolution to the College of Cardinals. Each of the three popes of the schism had his own College of Cardinals: part of the council's success was the result of the concessions made to the members of these three separate colleges, none of whom were deposed but were amalgamated to legitimize Martin V's election. This chapter looks at how the problem of the three colleges of cardinals was first created and then resolved, and the measures taken by Martin V and his successors to reconfigure the college.

Keywords:cardinals; Council of Constance; Martin V; papal imperium; three college; three pope



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