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Variants, Arians And The Trace Of Mark: Jerome And Ambrose On “Neque Filius” In Matthew 24:36

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on Jeromes comment, which considers the way theological opponents make use of Matthew 24:36, a passage whose literal wording cannot be easily determined, as the history of the pericopes reception shows. It considers just a small segment of this history, primarily certain incidents of textual disruption occurring in the later fourth century. It first describes the textual-critical problem surrounding the variation-unit of Matthew 24:36. Next it discusses the way Jerome and Ambrose treat the problem. Jerome addresses the textual-critical question surrounding the passage in his Commentary on Matthew written in 398. He presents the verse as we find it today in the Vulgate, with the Latin phrase neque filius. Finally, the paper takes into account the observations of certain earlier researchers, whose entanglement in the verses patristic reception shows the ways in which an authorized reading can unravel when the question of its accuracy lingers.

Keywords: Ambrose; fourth century; Jerome; Matthew 24:36; neque filius; textual-critical problem



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