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"Our Mathematicians Have Learned And Verified This": Jesuits, Biblical Exegesis, And The Mathematicals

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Chapter Summary

The relationship between the mathematical sciences and biblical exegesis and theology in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries has often been characterized as difficult and strained within the Society of Jesus and beyond. This chapter argues that there was much common ground between exegesis and the mathematical sciences in the Jesuit community in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. The mathematical sciences, in those days, consisted of various fields of knowledge, often with a strong bent toward practical applications. Benito Pereira?s Commentary on Genesis, exemplary in its clarity and erudition, was often reprinted and was widely distributed in both the Catholic and Protestant worlds. In Rome, the Jesuits celebrated Galileo at the Collegio Romano in May 1611 in a festa Galileana.

Keywords: Benito Pereira; biblical exegesis; Commentary on Genesis; Galileo; Jesuits; Jesus; mathematical sciences; Rome



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