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Thomas Aquinas On Science, Sacra Doctrina, And Creation

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Chapter Summary

Thomas Aquinas?s understanding of the relationship between science and Scripture provides evidence for the relationship between philosophy and theology in his work. This chapter discusses two interrelated features of Aquinas?s understanding of the relationship between science and Scripture: (1) his claim that sacra doctrina is a science (understood in terms of his own grasp of what Aristotle means by science), and (2) his analysis of creation in the light of Aristotelian metaphysics and natural philosophy and a consequent reading of the opening of Genesis. Thomas?s claim that sacra doctrina is a science guides his reading of everything in the Bible. Aquinas addressed the topic of creation in a magisterial way four times and each time he noted that it is important to distinguish between creation and change; or as he would say: creatio non est mutatio (creation is not a change).

Keywords: Aristotle; Bible; creation; Genesis; natural philosophy; sacra doctrina; science; Thomas Aquinas

10.1163/ej.9789004171916.i-782.52
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