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Science And Theodicy In Qurʾan 2:6/7

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes the interpretation of a theologically problematic verse that has also been read scientifically. It establishes what interpreters expected to gain from involving science in Qur?anic exegesis and what the theological implications of the use of science were. Scientific readings of the Qur'ān are always found amongst many other concerns addressed in tafsīr. ?Umar al- Zamakhsharī held God to be exalted beyond all abomination, so Zamakhsharī was not inclined to say that taking the passage as indirect, nonliteral speech could, nevertheless, mean that God caused sin. Science-minded Qur'ān commentators entertained the possibility of approaching Q2:6/7 as direct speech, but as type of direct speech that could be rationalized. The advance that Nīsābūrī has made has been to show that while God could be responsible for what humans perceive to be evil, God?s responsibility for evil did not entail God?s capriciousness.

Keywords: ?Umar al- Zamakhsharī; God; Qurān



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