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Scriptural Facts And Scientific Theories: Epistemological Concerns Of Three Leading English- Speaking Anti-Darwinians (Pusey, Hodge, And Dawson)

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Chapter Summary

English-speaking anti-Darwinians in the nineteenth century could find support for their reading of evolution in the popular view of induction associated with the name of Francis Bacon and in the established orthodox tradition that science and Scripture could never be at variance. This chapter reviews the reactions of three very different English-speaking Protestant scholars and suggests that despite some divergence in emphasis, their work shared fundamental epistemological values derived from a popular, broadly Baconian tradition. Edward Pusey, the great Oxford Movement leader, Charles Hodge, the champion of Princeton Presbyterian orthodoxy, and John William Dawson, Canada?s internationally renowned geologist, are not a natural group. The author have chosen them because they were each important thinkers in their rather different contexts: they had little contact with each other and their responses to Darwinism are fairly original, in the sense of not borrowing their main arguments directly from contemporaries.

Keywords: anti-Darwinians; Charles Hodge; Edward Pusey; epistemological values; John William Dawson; orthodox tradition; scientific theories; Scripture



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