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The Beginnings: A-Group Lower Nubia And The Emerging Egyptian State (C. 3700–2800bc)

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Chapter Summary

The terminal Abkan culture of the Second Cataract region was contemporary with the emergence of an indigenous Late Neolithic culture in northern Lower Nubia. It is called (Nubian) A-Group, a particularly uncommunicative term based on George Andrew Reisners cultural chronology. In time, A-Group culture spans the period between c. 37002800 BC. Early A-Group habitation sites and cemeteries were found only in northern Lower Nubia between Kubaniya and Dakka. The find material from Early A-Group cemeteries and habitation sites is dominated by Egyptian pottery, siltstone palettes, stone maceheads and flint knives. The fact that the production of Late A-Group pottery ceases around 2800BC concurrently with the end of the influx of Egyptian imports signals the collapse of Late A-Group social and economic structure and the end of the A-Group polities in all Lower Nubia.

Keywords: A-Group chiefdoms; A-Group Lower Nubia; Abkan culture; Egyptian pottery; late A-Group pottery; Naqada period



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