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Old Kingdom Domination And The Rebirth Of The Native Polities (C. 2800–2160bc)

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Chapter Summary

Based on Reisners periodization of Nubian history, the A-Group period was followed by a B-Group period. Since the finds associated with this period reflected a much less complex socioeconomic structure and a less advanced culture than the Middle and Late A-Group evidence, the B-Group culture, as described by Reisner, induced a misleading reconstruction of the impact of the early Old Kingdom domination on ahypotheticalsettled native society. The acquisition of Nubian products and the access to goods originating from more southern regions of Africa and obtainable via Upper Nubian mediators required a regulation of the contacts with the Lower Nubian polites. The details of the process leading from a scarcely inhabited trading corridor under Egyptian domination to the emergence of native polities remain largely unknown. During the larger part of the Sixth Dynasty, the relations with the Lower Nubian polities were successfully regulated to the advantage of Egypt.

Keywords: Egyptian domination; Lower Nubia; Lower Nubian polities



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